Mifos X Ubuntu Server 18.04 Installation Guide:

Linux Server for Fineract Platform using Ubuntu Server 18.04,

Java-OpenJDK (v11 & above),

Tomcat server (v.9.048 & above) 

MYSQL server (v.5.7). 

Step 1 - Installing System Updates and Prerequisites:

Run all below mentioned scripts one by one on the ubuntu console & follow step by step instructions: - 

# sudo apt-get update

# sudo apt-get upgrade

 Install Java : 

# sudo apt update && sudo apt install default-jdk -y

java license agreement

On prompting for accepting oracle java agreement, accept the agreement by pressing y(yes) key.

On completion of java installation, one could verify the installed version by & should be the latest 
# java -version 

The output will look something like this:

openjdk version ">=1X.X.X" 2019-01-15
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.2+9-Ubuntu-3ubuntu118.04.3)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 11.0.2+9-Ubuntu-3ubuntu118.04.3, mixed mode, sharing)
the path to installation is run this ==>

Install mysql-server : 

# sudo apt update && sudo apt install mysql-server -y

mysql password

Once the installation is completed, the MySQL service will start automatically. To check whether the MySQL server is running, type:

# sudo systemctl status mysql

Configure the Port and binding address as shown below using sudo nano command
# sudo nano /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf

Set the bind address as you wish for example sets it to any IP address across the globe (Strongly not recommended)
By default it comes as 
bind-address  ( this a security feature in MySQL 5.7 and above )

Run the security script: for proper configurations 
# sudo mysql_secure_installation

Follow the prompts and configure you installation to the best of your interests

In order to use a password to connect to MySQL as root, you will need to switch its authentication method from auth_socket to mysql_native_password.
To do this, open up the MySQL prompt from your terminal:

# sudo mysql

Next, check which authentication method each of your MySQL user accounts use with the following command:

SELECT user,authentication_string,plugin,host FROM mysql.user;

Output should look like below 
| user | authentication_string        | plugin          |                 host |
| root |                                          | auth_socket           | localhost |

Set the password to "mysql"  Please note that this is Bad for security, but just to get all installed and instructions on how to change it will be provided later in this guide)

Setting password use the command below

ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'mysql'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Comfirm by runnig script below 

SELECT user,authentication_string,plugin,host FROM mysql.user;
Output should look like below 
| user | authentication_string                                                    | plugin                             | host |
| root | *3636DACC8616D997782ADD0839F92C1571D6D78F | mysql_native_password | localhost |

Eexit sudo mysql and restart mysql service
# sudo service mysql restart

On completion of java installation,one could verify the installed version by & should be 5.7 or above
# mysql --version

Install tomact : 


The latest tomcat release will change and the link below may become invalid. If wget fails, get the correct link by going to https://tomcat.apache.org/download-90.cgi and under the core section, selecting the link to the tar.gz file. Use it for wget below:-

# sudo wget https://downloads.apache.org/tomcat/tomcat-9/v9.0.48/bin/apache-tomcat-9.0.48.tar.gz
# sudo mv apache-tomcat-9.0.48.tar.gz /usr/share 
# cd /usr/share
# sudo tar xvf apache-tomcat-9.0.48.tar.gz 
# sudo rm -f apache-tomcat-9.0.48.tar.gz 
# sudo mv apache-tomcat-9.0.48 tomcat9 
# cd ~

Install nano - text editor 

# sudo apt-get install nano

OPTIONAL (date/time settings) 

Check date:

# date

and if needed update with

# dpkg-reconfigure tzdata 

Step 2 - Tomcat setup

Enabling SSL

To enable tomcat SSL (https), generate and store a key:

# sudo keytool -genkey -keyalg RSA -keysize 2048 -alias tomcat -keystore /usr/share/tomcat.keystore

set keystore password

set password to: xyz123

(Bad for security, but just to get all installed and instructions on how to change it will be provided later in this guide)

This gets stored in /usr/share as tomcat.keystore

Updating server.xml configuration file

It is located at /usr/share/tomcat9/conf/server.xml path

# sudo nano /usr/share/tomcat9/conf/server.xml 

nano shortcut keys

Tip: To delete line by line you could use ctrl+k
To exit you could use ctrl+x
To confirm say yes & you could use y
then click on enter button to save

copy and replace below content into it

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener" />
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" />
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JreMemoryLeakPreventionListener" />
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener" />
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.ThreadLocalLeakPreventionListener" />

<Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
description="User database that can be updated and saved"

validationQuery="SELECT 1"

<Service name="Catalina">


<Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">

<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.LockOutRealm">
<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm" resourceName="UserDatabase"/>

<Host name="localhost" appBase="webapps" unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true">
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs"
prefix="localhost_access_log." suffix=".log"
pattern="%h %l %u %t &quot;%r&quot; %s %b" />


If your any of the server port connections are using port number = 443, then you need to change your port number to 8443, in server.xml here:-

port="443" maxThreads="200" scheme="https" to port="8443" maxThreads="200" scheme="https" 

Download drizzle jdbc connector

Place it under lib folder 

# cd /usr/share/tomcat9/lib

# sudo wget https://repo1.maven.org/maven2/org/drizzle/jdbc/drizzle-jdbc/1.4/drizzle-jdbc-1.4.jar

Download mysql jdbc connector

Download it from https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/connector/j/,

# wget https://downloads.mysql.com/archives/get/p/3/file/mysql-connector-java-5.1.49.tar.gz

Then unzip it

#tar -xvf mysql-connector-java-5.1.49.tar.gz

#rm -r mysql-connector-java-5.1.49.tar.gz

Then place the .jar in the  /usr/share/tomcat9/lib  folder. 

#sudo mv mysql-connector-java-5.1.49/mysql-connector-java-5.1.49-bin.jar /usr/share/tomcat9/lib/

#sudo mv mysql-connector-java-5.1.49/mysql-connector-java-5.1.49.jar /usr/share/tomcat9/lib/

#rm -r mysql-connector-java-5.1.49

The filename above will vary depending on what the latest version of the connector is

Edit /etc/init.d/tomcat9

# sudo nano /etc/init.d/tomcat9

copy below red colored content into it & exit by pressing ctrl+x then confirm with y for yes. 

# Tomcat auto-start
# description: Auto-starts tomcat
# processname: tomcat
# pidfile: /var/run/tomcat.pid

case $1 in
sh /usr/share/tomcat9/bin/startup.sh
sh /usr/share/tomcat9/bin/shutdown.sh
sh /usr/share/tomcat9/bin/shutdown.sh
sh /usr/share/tomcat9/bin/startup.sh
exit 0

# sudo chmod 755 /etc/init.d/tomcat9

Link this script to the startup folders with a symbolic link.Execute these two commands.

# sudo ln -s /etc/init.d/tomcat9 /etc/rc1.d/K99tomcat
# sudo ln -s /etc/init.d/tomcat9 /etc/rc2.d/S99tomcat

Step 3 - Fineract Platform and Database Setup/Population

Download and extract Fineract platform:

For latest build / released code you can download from or If wget/download fails, this link:- https://github.com/apache/fineract/releases )
Follow the instructions to build a war file here https://github.com/apache/fineract#instructions-to-build-a-war-file

Once you are done building your war copy it to the tomcat9/webapps folder

# sudo cp -r fineract-provider.war /usr/share/tomcat9/webapps 

Initialize MySQL data 

# mysql -u root -p

Enter mysql root password, and in mysql console type: 

create database `fineract_tenants`;
create database `fineract_default`;

Step 4 - Activate Mifos using the latest build of the community-app (this is the user-interface)

Folllow the steps here https://github.com/openMF/community-app to build yourself one. Once you are done 

Copy the community app into Tomcat's webapps folder: 

sudo cp fineract-provider.war /usr/share/tomcat9/webapps/

# sudo cp -r apps/community-app/ /usr/share/tomcat9/webapps/ 

# sudo cp -r api-docs/ /usr/share/tomcat9/webapps/

# cd /usr/share/tomcat9/webapps

# sudo mv ROOT OLDROOT

# sudo mv community-app ROOT

Create a directory for reports (pentahoReports):  – This shall be updated soon in the meantime follow the events here https://github.com/openMF/fineract-pentaho

Follow the steps in https://github.com/openMF/fineract-pentaho#build--use  and after building then

# sudo -i 

# cd /root 

# mkdir .mifosx

# cp build/run/pentahoReports/* ~/.mifosx/pentahoReports/
# rm -rf build/run/pentahoReports 

pentahoReports & upload directory

Pentaho Reports

If /pentahoReports  is not copied into /root/.mifosx, penatoh reports,ex:accounting reports will fail with:

Income Statement.prpt","defaultUserMessage":"Unable to create key: No loader was able to handle the given key data: /usr/share/tomcat9/.mifosx/pentahoReports/Income Statement.prpt","userMessageGlobalisationCode":"error.msg.reporting.error","parameterName":null,"value"

Upload Directory

  • .fineract directory gets created automatically, if not created then Clients > Upload Documents  will fail with:  "Error error.msg.document.save"  (firebug, network tab)
  • Access to this directory should be restricted to authorized personnel only.
    While all accounting related information is stored in a database, submitted documents are simply stored in orginal format as uploaded. Mifos will store user uploaded files/documents relating to clients,loans,etc   in .fineract/

and finally to start

sudo /etc/init.d/tomcat9 start

Setup is complete and mifos should be running. 

In case if it throws error ClassNotFoundException org.apache.catalina.core.JasperListener you need to remove the below line from server.xml 

<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JasperListener" /> 

*in separate terminal you may watch your Mifos(logs) come to life like this: 

# sudo tail -f /usr/share/tomcat9/logs/catalina.out 

(if all is good, after a while of loading, you should see something like: Root WebApplicationContext: initialization completed in 45876 ms)

It's Done!


You could access Mifos X through any internet browser:- 

@ https://server ip address 

or if you are using server port number as 8443 then you could access it https://localhost:8443

With these credentials:-

username: mifos

password: password

Additional info:-

  • Platform application should be available @ https://[public DNS]/fineract-provider/api/v1/offices?tenantIdentifier=default&pretty=true
  • API docs should be available @ https://[public DNS]/api-docs/apiLive.htm

Need Help?

If you need help on the Mifos Installation, you could always reach our partners:-


Ex: https://mifos.org/directory/listing/intelligrow-consultancy-services-private-limited/

Welcome to Mifos community, If you are stuck with the Mifos Installation or need training or customization or need any help with respect to mifos please reach to us at:

Francis Guchie,
 francisguchie@gmail.com or info@guchietech.com 

+232 79 194407 / +256 700 252896


We would be happy to help you.