Different group methodologies require different operational structure. It is important for the MIS to support the structure selected by organization based on organizational goals, profitability objectives, and risk tolerance.
Some of the popular methodologies are
Latin American - Solidarity Group
Community Based Organizations (CBOs)
Community Managed Loan Fund
Revolving Loan Funds (RLF)
Mutually Aided Cooperative Societies (MACS)
Saving and Loan Association.
Bank Linkage programs
An MFI or organization may adopt a methodology from above list and modify it to suite the need of members and organization. One of the key factor in the methodology is grouping structure.
MFI/Organization can structure grouping in many possible ways. We will see some with real life example.
Institute wants set n number hierarchy levels for grouping clients/members
Center(Kendra) >> Groups >> Members Example: GK, Nirantara ,Adhikar
Groups >> Members Example: ATG, Rara Inc
Village >> Centers >> Groups >> Membars Example: SSK use this hierarchy , Chitannya wants this feature but no supported by their current MIS and most of the MFI using FINO have this structure